How Long Does It Take For Dogs To Have Puppies? Stages And Length Of Pregnancy Explained


How long does it take for dogs to have puppies? 58 - 68 days. The pregnancy length also known as the gestation period is a little more complex than pinpointing the exact amount of days. On average, most bitches will give birth after 63 days from the conception date. 
It is difficult to know if your dog is pregnant. Although your dog may show some minor signs that they're pregnant, it is best to seek advice from your veterinary nurse as some of these signs are similar to those of small medical conditions. 
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The Gestation Period: What Is A Dogs Pregnancy Length?

A dogs pregnancy length is slightly more complex than what is described above. As previously mentioned, the average days of pregnancy or gestation period after conception is around 63 days. However, the conception date can be difficult to judge as the sperm is live for several days inside the female. Also, her eggs are fertile for up to 48 hours after conception. Therefore, the conception date can vary by 24 - 48 hours, thus making the pregnancy slightly longer or shorter. 

How Long Does It Take For A Dog To Show Signs Of Pregnancy?


If your dog is pregnant, it may start to show signs of this during the second month. The most noticeable signs of a pregnant dog are morning sickness and tiredness. However, some further signs are;
- Increased appetite or hovering around food. 
- Starts to look heavier (20 to 50% heavier than the previous month)
- Discharge from the vaginal area
- Dogs behavior starts to change

What Are The Stages Of Dog Pregnancy?


Stage 1
In the first month, approximately after seven days, the embryos will travel to the uterine horns. The embryos are then embedded in the uterine lining at approximately day 16. The dogs' fetus will start to take shape around the 22-day mark. After 27 to 30 days, the veterinarian should be able to detect the puppies heartbeats by using ultrasound equipment. 
Stage 2
During the second month, the development of the puppies begins, and this process quickens as the month goes on. Eyelid, Toes, Claws and the puppies Skeleton begins to form throughout this month. Normally, by day 50, the veterinarian will be able to x-ray the dog to find out how many puppies are going to be produced in the litter. As the end of the month closes, the mother will begin to look for a place to nest. 
Stage 3
The pregnant mother is ready to give birth by the third month. The puppies have developed and begin moving round into a whelping position.
Stage 4
Stage 4 is the labor stage. Each puppy should take around 30 to 45 minutes to be born but no longer than 2 hours. Having an x-ray prior to the birth will help this process as the owners will know how many puppies need to be born. If the bitch exceeds the delivery time frame, it is vital the owner calls a vet as there maybe serious complications thus putting the lives of the puppies and the mother at risk.

How Many Puppies Can A Dog Have?


On average, a pregnant dogs litter will consist of 6 to 8 puppies. However, this number can increase or decrease depending on the breed of your dog. A larger dog i.e., a Great Dane normally has eight or more pups whereas a Shih Tzu only has around 1 to 4. 
The largest-ever litter recorded to date was 24. A Neapolitan Mastiff from England produced this record-breaking litter back in 2009.

Can A Dog Exercise Whilst Pregnant?


Yes, dogs do need exercise while they're pregnant. However, just like humans, dogs exercise shouldn't be too strenuous. Consistent short walks, light play, and plenty of attention is perfect for a pregnant dog. Do not get too carried away with exercise, but at the same time, don't let the dog become lethargic. 

Is Dog Neutering A Good Idea?


Firstly, what is dog neutering? This is the name given to surgically preventing pets (including dogs) from reproducing. Is it a good idea? There are pros and cons for having your dog neutered.
- Reduced risk of any prostate problems including cancer. 
- It reduces the amount of times your dog marks or spays.
- Help to steady your dogs mood.
- Reduces your dogs urge of mating. 
- Positively impacts your dogs sexual behaviours.   
- Can change your dogs coat (smooth to curly fur)
- Increases some health risks in your dogs. 
- Completely removes the opportunity to mate your dog.



How Much Does It Cost To Spay A Dog?
Approximately $30 - $300. This procedure has such a wide range of price due to several factors. The cost depends on the age and breed of your dog, the country and location you live in and the type of service provided (private health plans etc). 
When To Spay A Dog?
On average, dogs normally go into heat after 7 months. Taking this into consideration, the best time to have a dog spayed is around 6 months.
Best Dog Food For Puppies?
In this day and age, there is a wide variety of brands and food for puppies. If you’re a dog owner for the first time I would recommend heading to a local pet store and seek advice from the employees about puppy food and treats. 
When Do Puppies Open Their Eyes?
Most puppies on average begin to open their eyes after 2 weeks of being born. However, it will take 2 more weeks for their eyes to actually begin functioning properly.
How To Stop A Puppy Biting?
It’s common knowledge that most pups are very ‘mouthy’ when they’re at a young age. However, it is important to train them from this age that biting is not acceptable. If the pup begins to bite or mouth to hard, the owner should let out a high pitched yelp as if they have been hurt. This will help to settle your pup and hopefully prevent them repeating this in the future.



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Disclaimer: Each dog is different, and every circumstance is different. All efforts have been made to provide accurate information. However, it is not provided by a qualified Veterinarian, Veterinarian Surgeon, or Behaviorist. The information provided is purely educational. The information should not be used as an alternative or substitute for medical care. If you have any health or medical concerns, contact a qualified Veterinary Surgeon or Veterinarian immediately.


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